• Dogs and Puppies
  • Livestock
  • Birds
  • Cats and Kittens
  • Fish and Aquatics
  • Horses and Ponies
  • Insects and Spiders
  • Jobs - Working with Animals
  • Pet Accessories
  • Pet Services
  • More
    All categories
    • All categories
    • Dogs and Puppies
    • Livestock
    • Birds
    • Cats and Kittens
    • Fish and Aquatics
    • Horses and Ponies
    • Insects and Spiders
    • Jobs - Working with Animals
    • Pet Accessories
    • Pet Services
    • Pets - Other
    • Pet Supplies & Equipment
    • Pets Wanted
    • Rabbits
    • Reptiles and Amphibians
    • Small Pets
    Please select a location from the drop-down list

    Puppy Vaccinations

    Articlepet health guidesTuesday 27 November 2012
    Share:

    When your puppy arrives one of the most important things to do is to register it with a vet and find out what vaccinations your puppy will need. Your puppy will require vaccinations because the immune system of a puppy is not prepared for the high number of infectious, viruses and bacteria of urban areas. You will realise that your puppy is naturally curious and will investigate the world around them, and in turn come into contact with infections. Find out other information you should ask the dog breeder.

     

     

     

     

     

    Puppy Vaccinations - An Essential Guide

     

    When puppies are born they recieve some natural protection against disease from their mothers milk. However, this protection does not last a long time and soon wears off.

     

    To be effective vaccination on puppies should be carried out before your puppy losses it's temporary immunity. The first vaccination should be given to puppies at six weeks old, however 6-8 weeks is the absolute latest your puppy should be vaccinated. This is the age when the passive protection offered by the mother comes to an end, and development of active immunity of the animal should be started. The active immunity is developed by vaccines or by encountering different pathogens that can be found in the environment.

     

    A second dose is neccessary after 10 weeks of age, there are number of reasons why your puppy needs to have a second dose. Firstly, to ensure the puppy's level of MDA has not blocked the vaccine and secondly, because simply one injection can not protect a dog significantly enough for the long term.



    The rate of developed immune response can be enhanced by re-vaccinations therefore, respecting a vaccination schedule is very important. The body's defence system needs time (about 10-12 days) to respond, the puppy should not undergo too many shots. The vaccine has the capability to develop an adequate protection only in a healthy body; sick dogs should be vaccinated only after returning to full health.

     

    Vaccinations Your Dog Needs

     

    Canine Parvovirus - outbreaks of this disease are common in the UK, particularly among puppies. This disease is transmitted through contact with infected faeces. It is essential to remember that this disease can not be removed through normal disinfectants, as this virus is very difficult to kill and can lurk in the environment for many months. You will know your puppy is infected because they will suffer vomiting, smell foul, have a high temperature and have bloody diarrhoea.

     

    Canine Hepatitis - this disease is spread by infected urine, saliva and faeces. This disease attacks the liver, eyes and lungs of the infected dogs and can develop extremely fast, and can therefore result in death in a number of cases. You will know your dog has this disease as they will have fever, abdominal pain, diarrhoea and vomiting.

     

    Leptospirosis - there are two different forms of this disease, one is spread by the urine of infected rats, which causes the dog to have an high temperature, depression, servere thirst, vomiting and jaudice. The other is spread by the infected urine of other dogs and can be contracted in the first year of the dogs life and can cause the dog to have kidney faliure in later life.

     

    Kennel cough - this is formed from a large group of dogs coming together and is created by a variety of infectious agents, canine parainfluenza virus and the bordetella bactrium. The dog becomes infected by having direct contact with dogs or by simply breathing in contaminated airbourne droplets. You will know your dog is infected as they will have a bad cough, and will do alot of gagging and retching.

     

    Canine Distemper - this disease is spread by moisture droplets from your dog sniffing where other infected dogs have been. You will know your dog has this infection as they will have a cough, diarrhoea, sore eyes, runny rose and a loss of appetite. In very severe cases this infection can lead to fits, muscle spasms and paralysis and can even leave your dog with brain damage.

     

    Among required vaccines, the two anti-rabies ones are compulsory until the age of 1, but there are the other vaccines that can prevent the animal getting sick, especially if he meets many dogs. In large dog communities, you should also vaccinate a puppy against the Corona virus enteritis. If you think your dog is sick, read our page on treating sick dogs.

     

    Have you got a puppy to sell, why not place an advert here on Click Pets?

    Articles
    Subscribe to our newsletter