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    Pet Health Problems: Anal Gland Infections

    Articlepet advice guidesTuesday 27 November 2012
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    It’s not atopic that makes for easy reading, but dogs and cats can be extremelysusceptible to anal gland infections, and if they occur, the problem needs tobe confronted as quickly as possible.

     

     

     

    What causes anal gland infections?

     

    Infection is usuallycaused by a lack of draining, secretion thickening or bacteria contamination. Theinfection occurs less frequently among rural dogs, and is prevalent more oftenin dogs (and cats) that may struggle for regular exercise within urban areas.

     

    Today, thenumber of cats suffering from the disease is rising significantly.

     

    Symptoms

     

    If an analinfection is detected, a vet will carry out a full rectal examination toexamine the extent of the problem. More severe cases are often associated witheczematous dermatitis, which first causes itching, loose hair and flushing, andit may lead to weeping wounds or unpleasant legions. The anal spine can be sopainful that the animal cannot eliminate faeces.

     

    Treatment

     

    • In milder cases, the mechanical(regular) draining of anal sacks may simply require a couple of days to returnto normal.
    • In severe cases and if theassociated inflammation of the skin becomes extensive, medication andveterinary assistance is essential.
    •  In general, severe itching, leg, thigh or tailbiting, as well as the inflammatory process can be stopped by injectiontreatment, but its administration should be continued in the following 4-8 days.
    • When extensive skin changesoccur, damaged area hair removing, antibiotics administration and localapplication of anti-inflammatory agents (ointment, solution) are unavoidable.
    •  In case of a very stubborn disease, anal sacksshould be flushed with antiseptic and antibiotic agents.
    •  If all else fails, anal sacks must besurgically removed.

     

    Cat/Dog Anal Gland Infections: Further Information

     

    • If you notice the symptomsdescribed in the introduction at your pet, it’s essential to call the vetwithout delay.
    • Do not panic if within 1-2 weekintervals the anal glands of the patient have to be re-examined.
    • Frequent emptying can help yourpet to heal.
    • If your animal has alreadysuffered from anal gland problems, he may be at risk from further diseases. Insuch cases, a regular re-examination (depending on the case) every 3-6 monthsis required.
    • If the animal’s stool is semi-hardor hard, anal sack elimination is more likely to happen. Therefore a high fibre may be the best way of combating theproblem.
    • Regular exercise will alwayshelp this part of the body to function more effectively.
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