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    How to Train a Puppy - 3 Important Stages

    Articlepet advice guidesTuesday 27 November 2012
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    When should we start training a puppy? If possible, when it is born! And although being an enjoyable thing, educating and training a puppy is a great responsibility too. Therefore it is important to know what to be careful about, and what you need when a puppy arrives at your home.

    The most important preparatory task of education is to teach the puppy appropriate behaviour. This is important for his relationship with other dogs: how he behaves with his mother, brothers, foreign dogs and people. During education he learns the basics of universally accepting norms of behaviour, so he becomes friendly and well-balanced.

     

     

    Puppy education can generally be divided into three phases

    Phase One
    The first one takes place during the time of separation from its mother. The puppy has to acquire a place in the family among his siblings, and must learn to adapt to them. He also has to know the basic rules for playing, attacking, defense and eating. At the same time he must get rid of stubbornness and selfishness. If you monitor how a puppy's mother is educating its cub, you will notice that she teaches him to play or move around with great tenderness and patience, but also strictly punishes his mistakes.

    Phase Two
    The second phase starts at the moment of arriving at the new home, usually at the age of 6-8 weeks. Then, the puppy has to learn how to live together with humans:
    •    it mustn’t cry during the night
    •    he can only sleep in his own place
    •    it is essential that he becomes house-trained
    •    he mustn’t chew stuff in the house
    •    he should have his meals in the same place according to a schedule and he mustn’t beg from the master's table.

    Phase Three
    The 3rd phase starts by taking the puppy for walks. This can actually be considered a training activity. The puppy gets used to walking on a leash and slowly learns that he should not pick up anything from the ground. Some playful puppies should also learn not to frighten people or other animals. He has to understand the prohibiting and addressing commands, and listen to them even if he is running around off leash.

    Sleeping problems

    In his new home, a two month old puppy can easily forget his mother amidst playing and having fun. However at night, when the house is calm and quiet he could start to get bored. Owners need a lot of patience not to give in to temptation and go to him. Usually the puppy gets tired of playing in the daytime, so he can easily. Within 2 or 3 days, most puppies get used to the new situation. We have to consider that if we show any pity on him and go to him, the howling may last all night long. As a result of this, the bad behaviour will continue.

    A method to getting house-trained

    Choosing the right place for a puppy to eliminate is a serious and important task. While the puppy is very young, small pools can appear anywhere in the house.  Inexperienced dog keepers usually respond impatiently to such cases by inappropriate punishment. Such behaviour may result in breaking the puppy’s trust towards his owner. With animals, punishment should only be used in exceptional cases. If by chance, the dog starts pooing in the house, try to catch him in the act and express your displeasure through your voice. Then take him outside where he may continue eliminating, and when finished, praise and stroke him to show this is the correct behaviour.
     

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