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    How to Look After Goldfish

    Articlepet advice guidesTuesday 27 November 2012
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    Goldfish are extremely popular pets for children. They are great for beginners as they are quite easy to care for but they do take some commitment if you want them to stay happy and healthy.
     

     

    Looking After Gold Fish


    Caring for Your Goldfish Tank


    • Choose a tank that gives a large surface area for oxygen exchange.

    • You should have a 20 gallon tank for one adult goldfish. You should add a further 10 gallons for each extra goldfish.

    • Gold fish need 10 hours of light per day, this is easily given using a florescent light.

    • Gold fish do jump out of their tanks so it is important to have a hood on the tank.

    • You should wash out the gravel you choose in hot water before putting it into the tank. You can also add rocks and driftwood to provide hiding and resting places for your goldfish.

    • You should use fake plants in your gold fish tank or else they will feed off of real ones.

    • An important part of caring for gold fish is maintaining a good filtration system in the tank. Gold fish do not have stomachs so a lot of waste is produced through their gills and faeces. You will need to change your filters at least once a month to make sure it functions properly.


    Gold Fish Food


    • You will need to buy nutrient rich fish food that is specifically formulated to meet goldfish dietary needs.

    • A lot of goldfish food is in flake and pellet form.

    • If you want to add some variation to your gold fish’s diet then you can add live plants and leafy vegetables such as spinach and lettuce.

    • You should only feed them once a day as they have a tendency to gorge themselves. As a guide you should only add as much food as they can eat in about 2 to 5 minutes. If you over feed your gold fish then they will produce much more waste.

    • An important part of looking after gold fish is removing excess food with a net.


    Looking After Your Gold Fish Water


    • You need to change 25% of the water every week.

    • Gold fish produce lots of waste that can release toxic chemicals into the water. Gold fish also use up a lot of the oxygen in the tank water.

    • Changing water helps to aerate it with oxygen. You should let the water stand for a couple of hours before you add it to the tank.

    • You should keep the temperature of the tank between 65 and 68 degrees Fahrenheit.

    • You should buy a test kit to check the nitrate and ammonia levels of your tank water.

    • Buy a detoxifier and add it when you change the water.


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