English Springer Spaniel Breed Guide
The English Springer Spaniel is a docile, alert and fast learning dog which does not like monotony; he can learn more things one after another. The English Springer Spaniel is a searching and retrieving hunt dog.
English Springer Spaniels one of the oldest hunting dogs in England, the ancestor of all land Spaniels (except the Clumber Spaniel). Its origin dates a very long way and that’s why people do not know everything about it. They most likely came from Spain and through Roman mediation they arrived to Great Britain when the separation of the very large spaniel breed may have begun.
Spaniels’ contemporary appreciation can be well noted as they are mentioned even in law: a debt, for example could be compensated by water spaniels (at that time the name of the water spaniel referred to the large, curly-haired spaniels). We can find facts on their enormous value: for the price of a spaniel people could buy more goats, geese, and slaves, too.
14th century writings mention of spaniels used beside hawks and greyhounds in order to search and flush the game out. The description also mentioned that the breed is doing this with a very specific and powerful jump, hence where the dog gets its name: Springer Spaniel, in other words, jumping Spaniel.
The English Springer Spaniel As A Hunting Dog
English Springer Spaniels are a searching and retrieving hunting dog. During the hunt it is ideal for searching: it flushes up the birds, drives coated wild animals and after the shot it gets the shot or wounded game back, whether on land or water. It can also be used for blood trailing (searching for the wounded game). English Springer Spaniels are passionate hunters that throw themselves into the densest bush and the deepest water, as well.
An English Springer Spaniel makes an excellent companion for agility and flyball skill trials. It can be trained for tracking, drug searching and life-saving. The English Springer Spaniel is a quick learner, attentive and quick-witted, too. Regularity has a great the importance during the process of teaching English Springer Spaniels. They should feel firmness at the other end of the leash, so that later the owner can achieve accuracy and reliability.
Training English Springer Spaniels
Educating males is much more difficult as we must face their huge physical strength, controlled by an infinite persistence. When we seriously start training our waken-conscious pet, we can expect a muscle-bound and a physical and psychological exhaustion, also.
It is important to begin its teaching early. If we can show it a game when it is only a few weeks old, we will certainly not have to teach him retrieving so hard in the future. He will of course retrieve both coated and feathered wild, so we can make him an excellent hunting dog.
An English Springer Spaniel is always cheerful and very friendly. However, it is particularly important to begin socializing him early. You must take him among other breed dogs when still young so that later meetings should be natural, too. A Springer is a very dominant animal, with a great consciousness. When breeding males, particular emphasis should be placed on their proper socialization, since they can be aggressive. There could be only an innocent grunt at the first meeting but a dog not being hand-held can easily become an unreasonable fighter.
English Springer Spaniel Behaviour
English Springer Spaniels are full of life, fun, humor and naughtiness. They are extremely hyperactive and forceful, too. He is always waiting for his master with something that happens to be at his "hand", as the remote control, the cushions from the couch or the bedcover from the bed and trails them behind himself while circling happily all around the garden.
English Springer Spaniels are most happy when they have contact with their family or other dogs. Resting and stillness is not a characteristic of the breed. English Springer Spaniels are always ready for anything. As the owner makes a movement, they are already behind him, they can not lose anything. They are also very coaxing and familial, but on the whole an English Springer Spaniel is recommended for someone who has some experience with dogs.
English Springer Spaniel Appearance
Origin: Great Britain
General Appearance: Symmetrically structured, compact, strong, happy, active dog. It is the largest and liveliest lines of the English Spaniels.
Features: Its breed is pure and primitive, the oldest sports hunting dog. Its original purpose was searching and flushing out the game with net, hawks or greyhounds, during the hunt. Nowadays it is also used for searching, flushing out and retrieving.
Character: It is a friendly, funny and affectionate animal. Shyness or aggression is not all right among the breed.
Head: His skull is medium in length, fairly broad, slightly rounded, rise from the muzzle forming its stop. Between the eyes, the forehead divides in two parts with a decreasing groove that is not specifically going towards the longitudinal direction of the occipital bone. The muzzle is flat and it is about the same length as the skull, also a little broad and deep, well-cut below the eyes. His lips are fairly deep and square. Nostrils are well developed.
Eyes: Medium in size, almond-shaped, not prominent or deep-seated, well-placed and the conjunctiva are not visible. It is always alert and has a kind glance. They are dark hazel. Light eyes are not desirable for him.
Ears: They are long, wide, pendant and hang close to the head, being erect at eye height. They are also nicely covered with a tricolor coat.
Teeth: Strong jaw-bone, strong and relatively large teeth, a perfect, regular scissor bite where the upper teeth reach the lower ones without an intermediate gap, being perpendicular to the jaw-bone.
Neck: It has a proper length, also strong and muscular, not pendant, slightly curved, narrowing towards the head.
Forequarters: Straight and the feet are compact. Elbows are fitting well to the body. It has strong, flexible front feet.
Body: Strong, not too long and not too short. The chest is deep and well developed. Well curved ribs. Muscular, strong, slightly curved well-set loin.
Hindquarters: Well reaching-down legs. Knees and hock joints are moderately angulated. It has broad, muscular and well-developed thighs. Harsh hocks are undesirable.
Claws: Tight, compact, well-rounded with strong pads.
Tail: Low set and never stands above the back line. It is well-flagged and has a lively wagging.
Movement: Very specific. The breed is characterized by stepping amble and during acceleration changes to long trotting. In this case, the front legs have got a free swing from the shoulder and paws go forward easily. The animal hasn’t got a bound or toddling movement. While moving his hind legs, dragging them under his body, they follow the front ones by the same line.
Coat: Closed, straight and weather-resistant, but not harsh. It has a moderate flagging on ears, front and hind limbs.
Color: Coat color comes in liver and white, black and white or any of these colors with tan markings.
Size: Approximately 51 cm.
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