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English Cocker Spaniel Breed Guide

English Cocker Spaniel Breed Guide

Behind the Cocker Spaniel‘s sad eyes, a lovely, happy little dog is always lurking. He is attached to his master as a rural watchdog or as a metropolitan companion, he loves to please everybody, but he mostly loves to be pampered. The Cocker Spaniel is an indoor/outdoor dog

The Spaniel’s origin can be traced back several centuries, as we can see in medieval paintings. The English Kennel Club classified the Cocker Spaniel as a specific breed for the first time in 1892.

Characteristics of English Cocker Spaniels

Today's English and American Cocker, was called Obo, when he first appeared in 1880’s England.

The Cocker Spaniel has become a big people favorite since 1945 as both an urban and rural companion dog. No wonder that his charmingly wistful stare, his happiness and his attachment to his master impresses everyone. With the compact, muscular body, the English Cocker Spaniel easily adapts to all environments - provided he receives adequate training. Always ready to please his master, his activities are full of joy. He loves to play ball, walk, run, hunt, swim and be pampered.

English Cocker Spaniels are prone to obesity so you need to be careful in feeding. You need to take care of his ears regularly, and you need to check him thoroughly after every walk, because unfortunately ticks can stick easily to an English Cocker Spaniel and cause inflammation, which will inevitably lead to surgery. English Cocker Spaniels needs regular hair care, it’s recommended to take an English Cocker Spaniels to the dog salon every 2 months.

The UK Cocker Spaniel standard:

Size: male dogs 38-41 cm, female dogs: 36-40 cm, weight 13-15 kg

The U.S. Cocker Spaniel standard:

Size: male dogs: 40-43 cm, female dogs: 38-40.5 cm, weight 12-15.5 kg


Solid: black, black oak (black and tan, sable), gold, gold sable, chocolate brown, tan, brown chocolate (chocolate and tan, chocolate sable)

Mixed: edgy, marbled or spotted: black, white, black, white and tan (tricolor), gold and white, chocolate brown and white, chocolate brown, white and tan (liver roan and tan)

Working English Cocker Spaniels

On the field: as a hunting dog, the Cocker has never lost his pray and has an instinctual behavior in gathering the pray, particularly the small animals, even from water and has a great talent in exposing larger animal’s hiding spots through barking.
In the ring, because of his happy nature he is a great show dog, for all those who enjoy the thrill of competition.

In the family, because of his medium stature he is easy to keep, he fits comfortably in the car he loves to travel. As a watchdog he happily indicates the arrival of strangers. He is not the kind of dog who can be left alone for a long time, if there is a way, you shouldn’t leave him alone all day. English Cocker Spaniels that are left alone all day will become destructive, especially as a puppy.
The English Cocker is recommended to all age groups, as older or younger people (and even the very young) can find in him a true companion. They tend to fight the domination loving owner of the fence, so as soon as possible he should be made aware of who is the boss. Unfortunately, in many cases he bites and growls. This kind of behavior is strictly prohibited, even if he is sick; in such a case he should grouch not bite! Each problem is caused by the ignorance of the master, but fortunately, nowadays you can find a large number of professional educational advices - of course only if you look for them. But besides all these, you can feel free to ask for help from the breeder, he will surely be available to!

A few words of advice for good puppy shopping: It’s preferable you buy him with a certificate, with at least 2 vaccinations, he should be genetically filtered (at least one parent), with a guarantee from the breeder. Unfortunately, nowadays the PRA / progressive retinal atrophy (retinal atrophy) is widespread worldwide, also the FN / hereditary kidney disease (nephrosclerosis) and the HC / hereditary cataract disease (cataract) are quite common.


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