Caring For Newborn Puppies
It is important to know that a dogs’s pregnancy lasts about 63 days from the moment of mating but it may be 4-5 days longer or even shorter, as it depends on whether the bitch had already had an ovule change, or if the process of ovulation was finished. If you want to know the exact date of birth, you can easily find it out by checking the temperature of the dog, find out more about dog pregnancy tests. At the end of pregnancy the progesterone in female’s blood, the hormone responsible for maintaining pregnancy, decreases rapidly. This will reduce her body temperature 24 hours. Before the expected delivery her temperature decreases from the normal 38.5-39 ° to below 37.5.
What Should I Notice During Gestation?
During the last trimester of pregnancy the puppies start to grow rapidly. That’s why your dog needs to be fed more than once a day for two reasons. Firstly, puppy development deprives her of much energy and secondly, the uterus takes up a growing place in the abdominal cavity so it cannot eat too much for one meal. That’s why you have to feed her several times a day and you should give her high-energy dog food.
Allow the pregnant dog to move a lot and take her for walks just until the end of her gestation, you only have to make sure not to force her with too hard exercises or big forced marches.
What Do We Need if Whelping is Starting?
First of all be sure there is a comfortable, quiet, 22-25C degree, easy to clean place for your dog. It is important that only the person the dog trusts should be with her. It gets restless and angry when having an audience. You need clean towels to administer the first puppy care, an eyedropper and cotton swab if you have to free the airways of the puppies, also a thread to tie their umbilical cord and Betadine solution to disinfect it.
Before the puppies are due, the dog holds itself apart and starts to build her nest a few days before whelping. Her behavior also changes; she loses her appetite, and sometimes can vomit. The vagina swells and a clear fluid comes from it.
The Puppies Are On The Way If:
The uterus is ready for the contractions, cervix canal opens. The bitch is restless and starts panting. The vagina eliminates a slimy, translucent fluid.
During the first contraction of the uterus and the gradual extension of birth canal, the female can feel a more intense pain: it moves round and round, lies down and gets up, she is restless and pants. When the uterine contractions increase, abdominal wall contractions can be seen.
The amniotic sack can break open and the amniotic fluid comes out. This phase is relatively short and the first puppy has to be born within 4 hours from the amniotic fluid flow. If canal birth has a dark green secretion, the placenta began to detach and the oxygen supply of the puppy is decreasing. There is up to an hour for delivering the first puppy.
When Puppies are Being Born
When the puppy gets into the birth canal, abdominal wall contractions intensify and it is going to be born within minutes. The puppies can be delivered in cranial or pelvic presentation, both being normal at dogs. The puppies are often born in the sack, other times it breaks up and it is only by the umbilical cord that it links to the puppy. The experienced female breaks the sack open, cleans the puppy’s mouth and nose and licks it all over, thus will stimulate the puppy to breath and finally she eats the umbilical cord.
Membranes from the placenta are expelled later, after the umbilical cord is detached, before the puppy is born. It may also come out before the next puppy. The female usually eats it, so the owner has to count how many puppies are already born and at the end of whelping he will also know if there is still any placenta inside the uterus.
If she is giving birth to a lot of puppies, do not let her eat all the placentas because they can cause diarrhea and vomiting.
After Whelping: A Happy Family
It can take about 30-60 minutes between the puppies. After one of them is delivered it follows a longer or shorter period of rest. If the break is longer than two hours and there are still pups in the uterus, you must ask for the help of a veterinarian.
When all the puppies were born, the bitch will calm down and start breast feeding them. 2-6 weeks after whelping, a so-called lochia is eliminated from the uterus. This fluid is initially green and brown-colored, possibly bloody but definitely not smelly. Later it gets brighter and diminishes in the volume. When lochia secretion is still present after six weeks, it should indicate an unsatisfactory uterus functioning and you should see a vet. Read more about the dog lifecycle.
Possible Problems: When You Must Give Puppy Care
The puppy happens to be chucked into the birth canal, the dog needs help. You have to penetrate into the vagina with your middle and forefingers, take the puppy’s head carefully next to the jaws and gently pull it out.
If your dog is still an inexperienced parent, she may not be able to provide good puppy care. If the mother does not break up the sack in which her puppies were born, you have to do it, so that nose and mouth should be freed first and the puppy can breathe. Then, give the puppy to his mother so she can lick it. This is very important as maternal instincts are concerned.
If the mother is not going to clean it for some reason, then you have to remove all the placenta remains from the puppy, dry it and finely rub its chest with a towel to stimulate breathing. If it wouldn’t, rinse him with cold water, because this method also encourages breathing and then, rub his chest again. You can only stop if the puppy is taking air by himself. Tie a thread around the cord about half centimeter from the abdomen and Betadine disinfection can follow. Clean the snag with Betadine solution.
Then stick it down. Give the puppy back to breast-feed it and leave her alone to rest with her puppies. And feel free to be proud of yourself for having done such a good job. finally, when coming to sell the puppies, place an advert on Click Pets.
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